Measure Abbreviation
Data Collection Method

This measure is calculated based on data extracted from the electronic medical record combined with administrative data sources such as professional fee and discharge diagnoses data. This measure is explicitly not based on provider self-attestation.

Measure Type

Percentage of patients, ≥18 years of age, with smoking status documented within 30 days prior to any procedure requiring anesthesia

Measure Time Period

30 days prior to anesthesia start through anesthesia end


Patients ≥18 years of age

  • Patients <18 years of age
  • Non-operative procedures
  • Cases where the ‘Anesthesia End Time’ precedes ‘Anesthesia Start Time’ will be excluded and marked 'invalid'

Smoking status (current, former, or non-smoker) documented in anesthesia preoperative evaluation within 30 days prior to anesthesia end

Other Measure Build Details
  • Measure start time determined by first assessing anesthesia start date/time and calculating 30 days prior to anesthesia start date
  • For Michigan sites participating in the Value Based Reimbursement program: Please visit Smoking Cessation Frequently Asked Questions
Responsible Provider

Provider signed in at anesthesia start

MPOG Concept IDs Required

MPOG Concept ID

Concept Description

Smoking Status Concepts


History- Social History - Alcohol


History- Illicit Drug Use


History- Social History - Tobacco


History- Social History - Tobacco (Current Smoker)


History- Social History - Tobacco (Former Smoker)


History- Social History - Tobacco (Non Smoker)


History- Social History - Tobacco Details Pack Years


History- Social History - Tobacco Details Current vs Past


General - Past Medical History ICD-9 Code


General - Past Medical History ICD-10 Code


History - Social History - General


General - PONV Risk Factors


Tobacco use is the single greatest preventable cause of disease and premature death in America today.1 In addition, smoking is an established perioperative risk factor impacting up to 25% of surgical patients.2 According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 70% of smokers report they would like to quit however, only 15% of smokers in Michigan receive smoking cessation treatment.3,4 Making every contact count (MECC) is an approach to behavior change that is clinically proven to help patients quit smoking and results in better health outcomes.5 More so, there is evidence to support that the preoperative setting offers an opportunity to address smoking cessation options.6

Risk Adjustment

Not applicable

  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014
  2. Schmid M, Sood A, Campbell L, et al. Impact of smoking on perioperative outcomes after major surgery. Am J Surg 2015;210:221–9.
  3. Babb S, Malarcher A, Schauer G, Asman K, Jamal A. Quitting Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2000-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;65(52):1457-1464.
  4. Analysis provided by the Michigan Value Collaborative for Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan PPO Pharmacy plan members in 2019-2020.
  5. Public Health England. Making Every Contact Count (MECC): Consensus statement.  Public Health England, NHS England, Health Education England, and the national MECC advisory group, April 2016 (
  6. Nayan S, Gupta MK, Strychowsky JE, Sommer DD. Smoking cessation interventions and cessation rates in the oncology population: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2013;149:200–11.